There is another type of wood called Sal (Kongu) which is also commonly used. However the timber yard where i bought wood said its not available now-a-days. People also use country wood for making doors, however finding lengthy wood will be a bit difficult.
Teak is the most elegant and durable wood. It is the most suitable wood for making good carvings and design in it. It has good texture and it has better water resistance compared to other woods. From what i have heard there are many grades/types of teak (Burma teak, African teak etc).